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Shotgun Ammo For Newbies... Pics and explanations of various ammo:

This is a discussion on Shotgun Ammo For Newbies... Pics and explanations of various ammo: within the New Members forums, part of the Gun Forums category; Types of Ammo: Shot Cartridges filled with shot are the most common type of shotgun ammo. Shot are little balls made of any number of ...

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  1. #1
    Annihilator Mr. Head Gun brucelee's Avatar
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    Thumbs up Shotgun Ammo For Newbies... Pics and explanations of various ammo:

    Types of Ammo: Shot
    Cartridges filled with shot are the most common type of shotgun ammo. Shot are little balls made of any number of metals, including lead, steel, bismuth, tin and zinc.



    Each metal behaves a little differently. Lead has some properties that make it one of the most effective materials for shooting game and targets. It is relatively heavy and therefore maintains its explosive force well. It is also somewhat soft, so it changes its shape as it leaves the barrel. This gives it a more spread-out shot pattern than other materials but still delivers a great deal of energy. There is some evidence that because steel pellets do not deform -- they maintain their round shape throughout their flight -- they wound animals without killing them more often than lead.

    Until the early 1990s, most shot was made of lead. As environmentalists studied its effect on the ecosphere, they found that the spent lead shot hunters left in waterways and forests had harmful effects on wildlife and risked contamination of drinking water. Lead shot has been banned from waterfowl hunting in the United States since 1992, and various types of steel and alloy shot have taken its place.

    The rule of thumb for shot size is the higher the number, the smaller the diameter of the shot. There is a consistent standard in the United States, but worldwide the numbers don't correspond to any specific measurement across the board. At Chuck Hawks' Shot Pellet Information and Recommendations, you'll find a guide to the various sizes in the United States and what they are used for. In hunting, smaller ammo is used for smaller game, and larger ammo is used for larger game. Buckshot is large-sized shot that got its name because it is used to hunt deer. Because different materials have different weights and characteristics, shot size alone does not tell the whole story. For example, if you are shooting with steel, you'd have to use larger shot than you would if you were doing the same type of hunting with lead.






    Types of Ammo: Slugs
    Slugs are molded chunks of metal, nylon or plastic. In effect, they turn a shotgun into a crude rifle. Slugs are fired individually, like bullets, instead of in bunches like buckshot and birdshot. They can come in a variety of shapes, but they are often tapered into a bullet shape. They can be solid or filled with substances like explosives or incendiary powder.
    Shotgun slugs can be rifled -- this is supposed to make them spin in the air and thus improve their flight length and accuracy.



    One reason hunters use slugs is to hunt deer in states that ban the use of rifles and/or buckshot ammo. The shotgun/slug combination provides a legal, if shorter range alternative. There are at least 20 states that have restrictions of this kind.


    Types of Ammo: Sabots
    A sabot is a specially shaped, two-stage cartridge. It has an outer jacket that helps it travel longer distances, and it has an inner slug or payload. The jacket is designed to fall away in flight after it reaches a certain distance. Several hunting sources suggest that sabot ammunition is only effective at longer distances when shot through a rifled barrel. For a shotgun hunter, this usually means adding on a rifled choke tube.

    Sabot can also describe an arrow-like shape of material that fits in a standard shell. One particularly frightening sabot-style payload is the flechette. A flechette round contains hundreds of small, needle- or razor-like projectiles designed to penetrate armor and inflict painful wounds. They are banned by the Geneva Convention but do still see use in combat and counter-terrorism from time to time.






    Types of ammo: Breaching rounds
    Shotguns are commonly used in the military to "unlock" doors when troops don't know what lies on the other side. Because traditional ammo tends to ricochet and may end up hitting the shooter or someone inside the room, breakable "breaching rounds" are often used. These shells contain a metallic powder that disperses on contact.






    This is all from www.howstuffworks.com
    Last edited by brucelee; 04-03-2007 at 10:08 AM.

  2. #2
    Gunatic Loyalist (Bow down) Janq's Avatar
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    Bruce,

    This too would be excellent for inclusion in the newbie area, or at least a link from there to here...even as it is stickied here.

    - Janq

  3. #3
    Annihilator Mr. Head Gun brucelee's Avatar
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    You're so smart, Janq.... *blushes*

  4. #4
    Airsoft God Airsoft God ORCA's Avatar
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    lol I thought this was gonna be a special shotgun round jsut for noobs. Like a bean bag round LOL!

    Great info though.

  5. #5
    Gunatic Loyalist (Bow down) Janq's Avatar
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    It is good info, really good info...even better than the detail of info provided in the basic Hunter Ed. course I recently took.
    This is the kind of thing folks who are new and/or anti need to see (the graphics are excellent) in order to better understand what all a firearm is about and how stuff doesn't just 'go off' or have the Devil's spirit within it.

    Once while geting my CCW gear together Mrs. Janq walked in on me and saw some rounds sitting on my desk loose out of the magazine and freaked out.
    OMG!!1 somebody could get hurt...whahh whaa what if BabyJanq had walked in?!

    Jeebus woman.
    Ammunition doesn't have little Gargamel people inside waiting to push a button as son as they detect opportunity to scare a bitches panties from white to yellow.

    If only people better understood how crap works they might be a tad less irrational with their unwarranted media borne firearm fears.

    - Janq

  6. #6
    Annihilator Mr. Head Gun brucelee's Avatar
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    Indeed. I stumbled across it while I was researching felechette rounds and thought it'd be usefull for people who are new to the whole shotgun world (or firearms in general).

    I encourage everyone to post up any informational/educational blogs you come across on the web and post it here in the newbie forum. It may not get responses, but it will be archived and stored forever, so sometime down the line when someone needs info, it'll be there.

    When I get home I'll replace all the pics with pics that are hosted on my website (can't do it from work), that way we have full control of everything.

  7. #7
    Gunatic Loyalist (Bow down) MrMcCrackin's Avatar
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    dont forget the "other" stuff we talked about earlier today:



    PepperBall






    Rubber Rocket



    Rubber Rocket Projectile
    Five Rounds Per Box
    DESCRIPTION: A direct fire 12 gauge round which fires a 115 grain, 80 durometer rubber projectile allowing escalation of force from a safe distance prior to use of lethal means. The ROCKET accommodates tactical situations from 10 to 75 yards.
    INCAPACITATION MECHANISM: The ROCKET fires a 115 grain rubber projectile, producing controlled and directed incapacitation by blunt impact trauma and excruciating pain through the transfer of 92 foot pounds of energy by each projectile.
    PHYSICAL DATA:Size: Length = 2.5 inch, 12 gauge Weight: 115 grains (1 BOX) ITEM # AM1



    Power Punch Bag



    Power Punch Projectile
    Five Rounds Per Box
    DESCRIPTION: BEAN BAG round An innovative 12 guage round, utilizing a 1.75 x 2 Teflon coated, 26 gram ballistic bag. This round produces a painful and powerful blunt impact at the remarkably low velocity of 250 fps thereby reducing your liability profile.
    INCAPACITATION MECHANISM: The PWER PUNCH launches a pliable ballistic bag filled with 26 grams of lead shot, producing controlled and direct incapacitation by blunt impact trauma - resulting from the transfer of 90 to 120 foot pounds of energy based on muzzle velocity of 200 to 250 per second.
    PHYSICAL DATA: Size: Length = 2.5 inch, 12 gauge Weight: 410 grains / 26 grams


    Hornets Nest



    Hornets Nest Projectile
    Five Rounds Per Box
    DESCRIPTION: A direct fire 12 gauge round which fires 21 each, .308 diameter, 55 durometer rubber projectiles. This round is designed for single or multiple target engagement allowing escalation of force from a distance prior to use of lethal means. The HORNETS NEST accommodates tactical situations from 10 to 30 feet.
    INCAPACITATION MECHANISM: The HORNETS NEST fires 21 each, .308 diameter, rubber projectiles, producing excruciating pain thur transfer of 4 foot pounds of energy by each projectile for a total of 84 foot pounds when all projectiles strike a target. The stinging effect caused is designed to result in behavior modifications or retreat away from officers or immediate response to issued commands.
    PHYSICAL DATA: Size: Length = 2.5 inch, 12 gauge Weight: 389 grains


    Tri-Dent



    Tri-Dent Projectile
    Five Round per Box
    DESCRIPTION: (TRIPLE RUBBER PROJECTILE) A direct fire 12 gauge which fires 3 each, 46 grain, 55 durometer rubber projectiles. This round was designed for single target engagement allowing escalation of force from a safe distance prior to use of lethal means. The TRI-DENT accommodates tactical situations from 10 feet to 25 yards.
    INCAPACITATION MECHANISM: The TRI-DENT fires 3 each, 46 grain rubber projectiles, controlled and directed incapacitation by blunt impact and excruciating pain through the transfer of 20 foot pounds of energy by each projectile for a total of 60 foot pounds of energy when all three strike the intended target.
    PHYSICAL DATA: Size: Length = 2.5 inch, 12 gauge Weight: 338 grains

  8. #8
    Annihilator Mr. Head Gun brucelee's Avatar
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    Awesome! Thanks!

  9. #9
    Gunatic Loyalist (Bow down) Janq's Avatar
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  10. #10
    Gunatic Loyalist (Bow down) Nose Nuggets's Avatar
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    how do flachette qualify as sabot's?



    is a sabot its simply a container wrapped around a munition that falls away after leaving the barrel. ooohhhh.... maybe the flachette are IN a sabot.

    unless i have completly missed what a sabot really is.

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